Fungal Nail Infection-Causes and Signs of Nail Fungus


Getting aware that your nails turn yellow and fragile? That’s the sign of nail fungus. See your doctor for better treatment.

If you notice that there is something wrong with your nails like they experience discoloration and become thicker or even crumbled, you need to be cautious. The symptoms you’ve got could probably be the sign of nail fungus. Never think that the tiny organism only inhabits in nature. Your nail can be the right place for fungus to grow.

What is Nail Fungus?

Nail fungus is a type of infection affecting either your toenails or fingernails. It’s commonly caused by a fungus, making the nail cracked or split. Besides, the horn-like envelope turns to be yellowish white, and it looks paler. The moist condition of your nail allows the living organism to flourish and proliferate. It doesn’t originate from one species yet found to be plenty.

What Causes Nail Fungus?

The infection of nail fungus is, as a matter of course, caused by this tiny organism – fungus. Dermatophyte stands out among the common ones. Besides it, particular molds and yeasts are other factors you can’t take lightly.

Here is a variety of fungi that frequently infects the toenail you might know:

• Distal subungual onychomycosis. This one is considered the most common. This fungus loves populating the tip part. It makes the nail frail, yellow, and heavy.

• White superficial onychomycosis. It’s pretty rare and mostly found in people with the unsanitary condition. It invades the plate of the nail and causes crumbly texture on it.

• Endonyx onychomycosis. This fungus appears to be milky white and lives between the nail’s layers. Once it affects the nail, the nail comes with split or pit. Unlike other types, this one doesn’t make the thickening.

• Proximal white subungual onychomycosis. It’s frequently seen in people with a low immune system. The infection starts from the cuticle then spreads to the nail base turning it white.

What about the risk factors making people susceptible to nail fungus? If your age is more than 65 years, the possibility of getting this infection remains bigger. It happens because the elders have blood flow slowly reduced – so that their nails go through health degradation. People with diseases like diabetes and circulation issue also have more opportunity to get the infection. Moreover, the same is true with individuals whose immune system weakened.

Signs of Nail Fungus

The signs of getting infected by nail fungus are, actually, visible. When it comes to appearance, the affected nail tends to be thicker and strangely shaped. It doesn’t seem to be like the normal one and is dominantly covered by the yellow shade. The white dot gets larger from time to time. Sooner or later, the nail is highly frail and frangible. In the end, loss of the nail is likely inevitable. Then, the odor coming from the brittle part of your body is slightly putrid.

The Best Treatment to Take

Once you successfully identify the symptoms, immediately see the doctor. Often, your doctor will let you get his/her prescription that includes an antifungal medication. It’s usually in an oral form. The details cover terbinafine (Lamisil), fluconazole (Diflucan), itraconazole (Sporanox), and not to mention griseofulvin (Gris-Peg).

A topical cream is usually given to diminish the manifestation. Unfortunately, the topical solution is not convenient for the infection on the toenail. Another typical alternative is nothing else but the antifungal nail lacquer. The treatment approach is akin to the way you usually use the nail polish. How long the recovery is, basically depends on the types of fungus attacking your nails as well as the level of infection itself. The medication even can take for a couple of months if the infection is found to be severe.

How to Prevent Nail Fungus

There are plenty of ways to prevent the presence of nail fungus. Begin the preventive measure by doing the regular washing either on your hands or your feet. Keep in mind that rubbing the nails is very important. After doing this, shortly dry the body parts to keep the moisture away. To cut fingernails and toenails, it requires some specific techniques like trimming straight across and smoothing the nails with the file.

Tips and Suggestion

For you to avoid the growth of fungus, it’s vital that you regularly apply the antifungal spray or antifungal cream. For the daily life application, never let anything you wear, or you use in a damp condition. For instance, use dry socks or the ones that diminish moisture. Moreover, when you’re in a public spot, never let your feet bare or the development of the nail fungus multiplies quickly.

In a few words, signs of nail fungus generally can be easily sighted. If they become yellowish white and full of brittleness, it’s pretty obvious that you are now affected by nail fungus. For prevention, there is no way better other than keeping your fingernails and toenails clean and dry.


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